Suriname gained independence from the Kingdom of the Netherlands in 1975. Most of its political parties formed during the autonomy period (beginning in 1951) and were overwhelmingly based on ethnicity. Suriname has a multi-party system with numerous political parties, in which often no one party has a chance of gaining sole political power, thus parties must collaborate to form coalition governments.
Desi Bouterse was elected President of Suriname on July 19, 2010. Bouterse was nominated as a candidate on behalf of the Mega Combination. The cooperation of the Mega Combination with A Combination of Ronnie Brunswick (7 seats) and Pertjajah Luhur of Paul Somohardjo (6 seats), yielded a total of 36 seats – two more than the requirement for direct election thirds majority in the National Assembly.
NB: After the election of President Bouterse of Suriname, his seat became available, Henk Ramnandanlal, vice president of the PALU, since July 20, 2010 won the seat giving PALU two seats in the National Assembly.