Suriname was a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands between 1954 and 1975.
Whereas the Dutch government initially tried to keep the former colonial possessions under Dutch sovereignty with far-reaching autonomy, this attitude changed in the 1960s, especially after the Netherlands New Guinea crisis of 1962, and the riots in Curaçao in 1969.
Consensus in Dutch parliament became that the costs of colonies in the Caribbean, had to get fully carried by the colonies and subjects themselves, thus the territories were to get independent governments as soon as possible. The Dutch Labour Party added to the economic reasonings an ideological political argument: it could pretend to deem all remnants of colonialism wrong and a thing of the past. Continue reading
Republic of Suriname
1987 Constitution with Reforms of 1992
WE, THE PEOPLE OF SURINAME,
inspired by the love for this Country and the belief in the power of the Almighty and guided by the centuries-long struggle of our people against colonialism, which was terminated by the establishment of the Republic of Suriname on 25 November 1975,
taking the coup d’ètat of 25 February 1980 and the consequences thereof,
conscious of our duty to combat and to prevent every form of foreign domination,
resolved to defend and protect the national sovereignty, independence and integrity, Continue reading
Den De Nen
(Deng Dey Neng)
English – Nederlands – Sranantongo – Names (male and female)
Sunday – Zondag – Sonde – Kwasi and Kwasiba
Monday – Maandag – Munde/Moende – Kodjo and Adjuba/Adjoeba/A
Tuesday – Dinsdag – Tudey wroko – Kwamina Abeni ( ba )
Wednesday – Woensdag – Driedey wroko or Mindri wiki – Kwaku/Kwakoe and Akuba/Akoeba Continue reading
The Ndjuká syllabary was invented by Afaka Atumisi of eastern Suriname in 1910. Afaka claimed that he had a dream in which a spirit prophesied that a script would be revealed to him. He went on to invented the Ndjuká or Djuka script, which is also known as the Afaka script (afaka sikifi). Continue reading
The Ndyuka Treaty Of 1760: A Conversation with Granman Gazon
By Martin Misiedjan, December 2001
For Maroons in Suriname, treaties are hard-won symbols of freedom consecrated by the blood and power of our most powerful ancestors — blood that guaranteed our existence as free peoples with autonomous territories and institutions. The treaties were and still are — at least from the Maroon perspective — the basis for defining our relationship with the Surinamese state.
During the course of a land rights education project conducted by myself and another Maroon lawyer with Tapanahony River Ndyuka communities, I had the honor of speaking with Granman Gazon Matodja, paramount leader of the Ndyuka people, about his understandings of the treaty concluded by the Ndyuka and the Dutch in 1760. This conversation, transcribed in part below, took place at Diitabiki, the residence of the Granman, on November 5, 1998. Continue reading
Suriname and the Maroons
From Milwaukee Public Museum, 2008 (edited)
Suriname, a [former] Dutch colony, has been ‘independent’ since 1975. This country, located on the northeast coast of South America (above Brazil), has cultural attributes more in common with Caribbean countries. Suriname has maintained a great diversity of ethnic groups, each with their own strong and longstanding forms of cultural expression. Though Dutch is still the official national language, over 20 other languages are spoken and recognized by the Surinamese government.
Roughly 20 percent of Suriname’s population is Maroon, a term denoting descendants of African enslaved who freed themselves from slavery bondage from Dutch plantations during the late-seventeenth and early-eighteenth centuries. Maroon culture is strongly rooted in African cultural traditions, with some Amerindian influences. Maroon groups are widely dispersed across Suriname and extend into neighboring French Guiana. The largest ethnic group, the Ndyuka, are centralized around Marowijne River, which forms the border between French Guiana and Suriname. Continue reading